History Of Skincare Part 13

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It took nearly one hundred years for the Italian Renaissance to catch up with the British Isles, but when it did, the results were spectacular. Under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I, England began a quest of expansion that saw the creation of new colonies throughout the world. Large portions of India, Africa and North America were built up under British rule. While the merits of British colonialism may be debatable, however, there is no doubt that the Elizabethan Era represented an expansion of thought as well as an expansion of political power. Legendary playwrights and poets such as Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare based their works on the same Classical material that had inspired the Italians a century earlier.mindbodygreen.com Clothing became increasingly elaborate and make-up quickly followed suit.


At a time when a much greater emphasis was put on appearance than on health, however, hygiene and skincare often fell by the wayside. During this time, Queen Elizabeth's look ruled the hearts and minds of British women. While clothing had become increasingly structured throughout the later part of the Middle Ages, Elizabeth took this sense of structure to new heights. Tight corsets were worn to give the body a smooth, shaped appearance. While proper hoop skirts had yet to be invented, women tied large pieces of padding around their hips to thrust their skirts out into wide, oblong hoops. Starched ruffles were worn around the neck and hair was often pinned into elaborate up-do's.


In spite of the extreme ornamentation of their clothing, however, the face was still the focal point of the look and cosmetics took on a much greater importance than they had in Medieval England. Queen Elizabeth is often credited with being the first of her time to adopt a completely made-up appearance. While she may have been the first, however, the noblewomen of Britain quickly followed suit. Women would paint their faces with a white powder referred to as Venetian ceruse. The best ceruse was made of lead, carbonate and hydroxide. Less expensive alternatives were made from talc or boiled egg, although these were considered to be less effective. Once the heavy powder was applied to the face, women would rouge their cheeks with a red paint called fucus and paint their lips with vermilion.


The first lip sticks were made during this time by putting sun-dried vermilion and ground plaster into a device similar to a pen. To add a glazed appearance to their look, women would coat their face, make-up and all, in a layer of egg white. During the Elizabethan Era, elaborate make-up was seen as a sign of nobility, because few common people could afford the lead powders and dried vermilion used to create the popular look. As the century wore on, however, cosmetics also began to be associated with disease. Poor hygiene had led to a number of serious plague and smallpox outbreaks and many survivors still carried horrible scars and pock marks on their faces.


While disease was rampant among rich and poor alike, only the rich had access to the expensive cosmetics that would cover their scars. Strengthening the connection between make-up and poor health, doctors at this time began to discover that lead powder was not as safe as had previously been thought. Women rarely washed their faces, choosing instead to layer new powder over the old, and years of this treatment were found to turn the skin underneath a dull shade of gray. While many doctors recommended switching to an alum or tin-ash based powder, lead prevailed in popularity. Many women went great lengths of time without cleaning the powder from their faces.


When they did want to remove their make-up, however, they found that the thick, caked-on lead was not easily removed with water alone. In order to strip the cosmetic layers, they turned to a combination of skincare science and superstition, washing their faces with everything from gentle rainwater or donkey's milk to more astringent red wine or urine. Mercury was also among the common skin care products used to treat acne, wrinkles, scars and discoloration. While it did effectively remove these blemishes, it did so by corroding the surface of the skin and often caused scars that were far worse than those it removed. In spite of the health concerns of the day, Elizabethan women were known for their excessive beauty and cosmetic practices. It was these excesses, among others, however, that would cause a Puritan revolt in the next century and see Oliver Cromwell take control of the British throne.


As you get older your skin becomes more sensitive so exfoliating and scrubbing your skin is not a good idea. Choose a product that is devoid of abrasive ingredients or of harsh chemicals. You can actually end up removing a layer of healthy skin in the process. Even though our teenage years are long behind us acne can still return to rear its ugly head. This is especially true if your health and beauty routine is somewhat lacking. Menopausal hormone level irregularities and diet can also play a considerable role. Use of a deep cleansing mask as part of your anti aging skin care program will remove will help prevent pimples and blackheads from forming by removing dead skin cells. While you sleep your body is working through a complicated restorative process where actually repairs all of your damaged cells.


The use of a restorative antiaging skin cream can be extremely useful at bed time in helping to repair the day’s damage to your skin. You want to look for a product that promotes the natural production of collagen, elastin, and of new skin cells. Avoid anything containing alcohol or other drying chemicals or that has artificial colors or fragrances. In order to eliminate the fine lines and bags which develop around your eyes as you age you should consider adding an eye contour gel to your anti aging skin care program. Be care full though, as a lot of gels will contain alcohol which can cause the eyes to water, itch and burn.


The chemicals commonly used as preservatives in many cosmetics can also irritate the eyes. The latest European compounds are what to look for in the best antiaging skin cream for use around your eyes. The best anti aging skin care natural whitening creams aren’t necessary for everyone. Only fair skinned people who have developed an uneven skin tone or who have age spots truly need it. One antiaging skin cream uses an herbal extract developed in Europe that inhibits melanin production and also reduces irritation caused by thinning skin, which helps to lighten and even your skin tone. As always, no matter what skin care products you decide to choose, avoid the harsh ingredients and chemicals. Look for the all natural ingredients that can be found in only the best anti aging skin care products. Author's Bio: Loredana Conley was born in Milano Italy, where she received her education in cosmetology. She relocated to the United States in 1989, and began researching the use of natural products to help in the battle of staying young and healthy. Please Register or Login to post new comment. Makeup expiry dates: Are your beauty products past their prime?


Anti-pollution skincare products are the latest trend in the skincare industry. As people battle an increasingly toxic atmosphere, these products promise to combat harmful particles associated with pollution in major cities. These products work by cleansing the skin from nanoparticles that are absorbed from the air or by creating a protective barrier that acts as a shield against pollutants. But just how effective are anti-pollution skincare products? The call for beauty products that are anti-pollution has significantly increased as city dwellers around the world continue to battle poor air quality. The micro-particles present in pollution have been proven to age skin at a rate similar to the sun, leading many people to look for ways to protect their body. Online searches for skincare products that are anti-pollution have gone up some 73 percent this year alone.


This shows how much people are concerned about the aging effects of pollution and how it harms skin. "We’re seeing an increasing global demand for skincare which counters pollution-related skin concerns including dull skin, inflammation, sensitized skin, blemishes, clogged pores and accelerated ageing," Dr. Anna Persaud, the head of This Works makeup company, explained. Studies have shown that certain pollutants in the atmosphere can lead to skin-related problems. The University of British Columbia lead a study that connected nitrogen dioxide to dark spots on the skin. Nitrogen dioxide is a result of car exhaust and emissions from power plants. While people are more aware of the harmful effects of pollution, cities continue to battle poor air quality.


In fact, the World Health Organization released a study in 2016 that showed how air pollution had increased eight percent over the previous five years. In densely populated cities around the world - such as Delhi and Beijing - the public is often warned about hazardous levels of air pollution. Air quality indoors is also something people need to be concerned about when it comes to skincare. Indoor pollution comes from a variety of sources, from cooking and heating to cleaning products that off-gas into the environment, all of which can damage the health of your skin. With people battling pollution at every turn, there is little wonder that the anti-pollution skincare industry has grown so much over the past decade.


How does anti-pollution skincare work?schoolofnaturalskincare.com Products that are marketed as anti-pollution help shield the skin from harmful dust particles, very similar to how sunscreens work. Other skincare products remove pollutants from the skin after you have been exposed. The most popular of these types of products are beauty masks, which cleanse the skin at a deeper level than traditional masks. Peach and Lilly, for example, offer a series of anti-pollution masks and other products that are aimed at reducing the effects of microparticles. While these products can remove harmful nanoparticles, there are no scientific studies to back up their effectiveness. The lack of data is largely due to the fact that anti-pollution skincare has not been around long. Another factor is that the products are only used once a day, and after the masks are removed the skin is once again open for exposure.


While masks can remove pollutants in the short-term, leave-on products are the best way to combat microparticles in the atmosphere. These types of products will protect you for longer durations of time and prevent your skin from coming into contact with harmful particles in the first place. You can also look for products that contain high levels of probiotics. These chemicals can help build up the skin’s natural defenses and form a barrier against pollution-related skin issues. That is not to say that anti-pollution masks are not beneficial, but they do leave the skin open to future attacks. A lot of the anti-pollution skincare products feature vitamin C as the main ingredient.


Vitamin C can lighten skin tone - which helps combat those dark spots linked to pollution - and decreases discoloration. Another common ingredient in these types of products are antioxidants, many of which are actually backed by science. Unfortunately, there are not a lot of studies that prove barrier products are effective at keeping particles from invading your skin. That does not mean they do not work, but more studies need to be done to prove just how effective they are in creating a pollution barrier. Given the popularity of these types of products, it won’t be long before additional research is completed. While products that protect the skin are great, the bigger issue is fighting pollution at its source. Many cities are initiating eco-friendly policies to help curb emissions, but more work needs to be done if we are serious about combating the effects pollution has on our health.vanityfair.com Unfortunately, companies that manufacture anti-pollution skincare products have little motivation to fight pollution at a large scale, as doing so would ultimately hurt their bottom line.


It’s no surprise that the organic skin care beauty market has exploded. Over the years, people have become more aware of what’s inside their skin care products and have begun to make better decisions about what they allow on their skin. As a result, hundreds of new skin care companies have formed to meet this new demand for safe, natural beauty products. Along with this growth also came a flood of natural beauty claims—creating a sort of Wild West of marketing jargon, promises, and misinformation. To help provide a little more transparency (and because we’re obsessed with skin care products), we scoured the internet and compiled this sortable list of the world’s top 69 truly organic skin care lines.


First, let’s be clear about what the terms "organic" and "natural" actually mean. Organic refers to something that was produced without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), sewage, ionizing radiation, as well as antibiotics and growth hormones. Natural means something that originally "existed in" or was "derived from" nature. Additionally, if something is "certified organic" or "certified natural," then you’ll need to look at how that specific certifying agency defines those terms. Want our experts to help you find the best organic skin care products for your skin type? Then, try our Ox Box! A curated box filled with the best organic skin care products tailored for your specific skin type and skin conditions. We’ve updated our list for 2019! You’ll find a few more awesome brands this year!


Vitamin P isn't a vitamin per se, but it is classified as a vitamin to speak for a variety of bioflavonoids. Bioflavonoids are not produced by our bodies, so we need a supplement or skin care product to deliver this special component. Vitamin P enhances the action of Vitamin C. As we know, Vitamin C is plays an important role in strengthening our immune system and it helps the skin repair and renew. This is one of many reasons that we need bioflavonoids in our diet or skin care products. Bioflavonoids have a variety of benefits for our bodies and skin.